Understanding The Types Of Acne On Face


A Comprehensive Guide to the Types of Acne on Face

Acne is a common skin condition which affects millions of people worldwide. Majority of people experience acne in their lifetime, especially during the teenage years. However, it can affect people at any age. There are several types of acne that can occur on the face, each with different symptoms, causes, and treatments.

The first step to tackling acne is knowing what type you’re dealing with. Only then can you effectively treat it and prevent it from leaving lasting damage like scarring or hyper-pigmentation. This article will guide you through the common types of acne and how to cure Hidradenitis Suppurativa, which is a severe form of acne.

1. Blackheads

Also known as open comedones, blackheads are small, dark spots on the skin’s surface. They are a mild form of acne caused by clogged hair follicles. Contrary to popular belief, the black color is not due to dirt, but oxidized melanin (skin’s pigment).

2. Whiteheads

Whiteheads or closed comedones are tiny white bumps that appear when pores become blocked with oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria. They can appear anywhere on your face but are usually found on the forehead, cheeks, and the protruding areas around your face.

3. Papules

Papules are red, swollen bumps that can be tender to touch. They form when the pores get so irritated that their walls break, causing bigger, hard pimples.

4. Pustules

Pustules are similar to papules but contain pus. They appear as small, round lesions containing white or yellow pus. This form of acne is frequently associated with bacterial infections.

5. Nodules

Nodules are a severe form of acne that is embedded deep within the skin. They appear as large, swollen, and hard bumps on the skin’s surface. Nodules can be painful and often cause skin discoloration.

6. Cysts

Cysts are the most severe form of acne. They are large, soft, pus-filled, and painful lesions found deep under the skin. This form of acne can lead to permanent scarring if not promptly and properly treated.

7. Hidradenitis Suppurativa (HS)

HS is a chronic skin condition that causes small, painful lumps under the skin that can produce discharge. These lumps typically occur where skin rubs together, such as the armpits, groin, breasts, and, in some cases, the face. The lumps usually start out as acne-like bumps that worsen over time.

How to Cure Hidradenitis Suppurativa

While there’s currently no cure for HS, there are effective ways to manage symptoms and prevent flares. These include using anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, hormonal therapy, and certain lifestyle changes like losing weight, quitting smoking, and wearing loose clothing. In severe cases, surgical interventions may be necessary. It’s crucial to seek medical advice for an appropriate treatment plan.

In conclusion, understanding the types of acne can help you combat the condition better. Always remember to seek dermatologist advice to determine the best course of action, especially for severe cases like Hidradenitis Suppurativa. With consistency, patience, and the right treatments, clear skin is achievable.